With research suggesting as many as
one in thirty healthy airline passengers develop a
potentially-fatal blood clot on board a long haul flight,
deep vein thrombosis is increasingly being
recognised as an issue in Europe.
As a professional interested in public health issues in
Europe you may be interested in the first international
Published by SSL International, the makers of Scholl
Flight/Travel Socks, this newsletter is an occasional
digest designed to keep you up to date with news on the
latest developments, research and therapies about
travel-related deep vein thrombosis.
If you know anyone else who would like to receive a
free copy, or have news that you think will be of
interest, please mail
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warning on SARS
By Steve Creedy, Aviation
April 22, 2003
TRAVELLERS can breathe easily on aircraft during the Severe
Acute Respiratory Syndrome outbreak, but they should be
careful what they touch.
Health and airline officials agree there is little
chance of contracting SARS through cabin airconditioning
but say close proximity to an infected person and contact
with infected surfaces remain risks.
Experts believe there is little likelihood of the disease
spreading through cabin air because of the nature of
the virus and the design of aircraft airconditioning
The entire volume of air in an aircraft cabin is exchanged
every three to five minutes and at least half is passed
through air filters similar to those used in hospital
World Health Organisation Collaborating Centre for
Influenza deputy director Alan Hampson said it appeared
SARS was transmitted through close contact with seriously
Dr Hampson said the most important move airlines could
take was to exclude anyone showing symptoms from travelling.
"It's far more important to do this than to be
worried about cabin air quality," he said.
Union Joins Eurocontrol; Safety Study Started
Creating a European “single sky" harmonized
air traffic management (ATM) system took a significant
political step forward on October 8 when the European
Union (EU) joined Eurocontrol. All 15 EU states
are already individual members of the 31-nation
ATC agency, but the formal accession of the EU
collectively is expected to lend political and
legal weight to efforts to avoid duplication and
inefficiency between Europe’s national ATC services.
Meanwhile, the midair between two airliners this
past July and last October’s runway collision
between an airliner and a business jet have prompted
Eurocontrol to organize the High-Level European
Action Group for ATM Safety (AGAS). One
of AGAS’ first resolutions is to find ways to
make Eurocontrol member states fully implement
safety enhancements agreed to by the agency. The
EU’s membership of Eurocontrol could make a difference
in this regard since it can–in theory–compel EU
member states to implement changes. Non-EU member
states have committed to enforcing the same safety
standards. By next April, the group is due to
present a comprehensive ATM safety action plan
to the Eurocontrol Provisional Council.
U.S. and foreign airlines have met the U.S. government's
deadline for installing reinforced cockpit doors
in 10,000 transport
aircraft, but there are two different projections
of the cost,
according to AVIATION WEEK. FAA Administrator
Marion C. Blakey said
the total cost was $250 million while Air Transport
Assn. CEO James C.
May estimated it at $325 million. Congress appropriated
to the FAA to distribute to U.S. airlines for
About $97 million of that has been disbursed to
airlines for the cost
of doors, at about $13,000 per system. Blakey
said about 50 aircraft
have been grounded by carriers that wanted to
avoid paying the cost of
adding a door on an airframe that was close to
Concorde Air Service to End Later
10 Apr 2003, 07:33 UTC
Airways and Air France will end their Concorde aircraft
service later this year, bringing an end to flights
aboard the world's only supersonic passenger plane.
two airlines announced separately Thursday that their
Concorde jets would formally be retired by the end
of October due to falling passenger demand.
said occupancy rates on their Concord planes have
fallen to around 20 percent in recent weeks.
aircraft debuted with great fanfare in 1976, and its
passenger lists were regularly occupied by British
flights from New
York to London took only three hours, less than half
the time of a regular aircraft. But the Concorde has
been besieged by problems in recent years. The entire
fleet was grounded for a year after a plane crash
in Paris in 2000 killed 113 people.
Full TSB Report
(32mb pdf File)
27, 2003 - Wiring Fire Led To Swissair Crash,
HALIFAX, Canada - A fire in the wiring was
the major contributor to the crash of Swissair
Flight 111, a new report says.
Canada's Transportation Safety Board released
its final report into the accident Thursday
morning. It says smoke from the fire caused
the pilots to become disoriented, leading
to the crash off Peggy's Cove on Sept. 2,
Swissair 111 slammed into the Atlantic Ocean
as it was getting ready for an emergency landing
at Halifax International Airport. All 229
people on board died. Investigators say the
fire started in a hidden area in the ceiling
on the right side of the cockpit.
That ignited the metallic plastic covering
of insulation blankets in the area. Wires
leading to the in-flight entertainment system
were involved in starting the fire. The 330-page
report brings to an end the largest and most
complex air crash investigation in Canada's
history, at a cost of about $57 million. The
Transportation Safety Board has already made
14 safety recommendations. Thursday's report
makes nine new safety recommendations, including
having better information recording systems
and using more fire-resistant insulation.
The report says "arcing" – discharges
between two electrodes – in some of the wiring
set the electrical insulation on fire, filling
the cockpit with smoke. The jet crashed 21
minutes later. The report exonerates the pilots,
saying they could not have landed the jet
March 27, 2003
Plane-Truck Collision Described As Accident
Yong Kay, director of the Aviation Safety Council
(ASC), yesterday described as a mere accident a collision
between a truck on the runway and a landing TransAsia
Airway Airbus at
Yong told a press conference the mishap was not a
crash or an incident involving aviation safety."It
was regarded as a runway accident," Yong said.
He said ASC and air force investigators are ascertaining
the cause of the accident, in which only two men on
the truck were slightly injured.
The accident occurred 7.5 seconds after the GE301
flight touched down on Runway 36 at
Airport at 1005 p.m., Yong said. The Airbus took off
from Taipei's Sungshan Airport at
Three trucks were on the runway, Yong said. The runway
was under repair. Two of the trucks, facing the landing
airliner, veered to avoid collision head on, Yong
said. "The other one, running in the same direction
on the runway and with the driver failing to see the
approaching plane, was hit from behind," he added.
Air traffic controllers gave the Airbus pilot permission
to land at 1004 p.m. The Airbus touched down at 1,320
meters on the runway and hit the truck at 2,534 meters,
The truck was destroyed, with debris scattered over
the end of the runway. None of the 175 passengers
and crew members aboard the jetliner were injured.
All three trucks entered the runway at 1000 p.m.,
Yong said. "But the TransAsia flight was delayed,"
he added. It landed 45 minutes later than scheduled.
Visibility was fine, about 10 kilometers, at the time
of the accident, Yong said. "The weather was
fine," he added.
Other meteorological data is being collected, Yong
The curfew starts at the airport at 1000 p.m. However,
the control tower gave the permission to land to the
Airbus, which was delayed. In that event, Yong said,
all the vehicles on the runway had to leave at once.
Air Force personnel were involved in the repair of
the runway. "We are investigating the cause of
the accident in cooperation with military personnel,"
The FAA has increased cargo security measures in the
aftermath of British and U.S. air attacks in Afghanistan.
Under the new "known shipper" rule, freight
forwarders can submit cargo to a passenger airline only
if the goods come from a customer that has booked at
least 24 shipments with that forwarder since Sept. 1,
1999. In addition, the shipper must have been doing
business with the forwarder before Sept. 1, 1999. If
the shipper does not meet those definitions,the shipper
is considered an "unknown shipper". For "unknown
shippers" the forwarder must validate that the
customer is a legitimate business. Validation includes
a visit to the shipper's premises and a check of the
customer's financial records. The rule is to prevent
terrorists from placing explosives, chemical or biological
materials or other items that constitute weaponry on
an aircraft. The rule may impact small business, other
occasional shippers, and the forwarder's ability to
market to new clients.
Prosecutor freezes bank accounts
of former Swissair managers
Mon Mar 17, 6:45 AM ET
ZURICH, Switzerland - A Zurich prosecutor said Monday
he has frozen the bank accounts of former top managers
of collapsed national airline Swissair as part of a
criminal investigation into the company.
Hanspeter Hirt Monday confirmed a report by the weekly
SonntagsZeitung that the assets of Philippe Bruggisser,
Eric Honegger and Georges Schorderet have been temporarily
The funds may eventually be used to cover expenses tied
to criminal charges in connection with the collapse
of Swissair in 2001. The amounts involved are "low
six-digit Swiss franc figures" in each case, Hirt
Bruggisser and Honegger are both former chief executives
of Swissair and Schorderet is a former chief financial
officer. They, along with another former CEO, Mario
Corti, and an unidentified fifth person face criminal
charges including alleged falsification of documents.
Corti's accounts weren't frozen after he paid 150,000
francs (US$110,000) into a blocked account as a sign
of his willingness to cooperate.
Hirt said it is unclear whether the money now frozen
will be used. He said some of the managers have filed
a complaint against the account freeze.
Heavily indebted Swissair collapsed in October 2001.
A new national carrier, Swiss, was built on its remains
after the country's government and corporate sector
injected billions of francs into the new company.
LOT airline president resigns
after corruption allegation linked to
WARSAW (AFX) - The president of the
Polish airline LOT has resigned following allegations
of corruption linked to payments made by shareholder
Swissair to the management of the company,
according to a statement published in the local press.
Company president Jan Litynski resigned after the
supervisory board learnt of a report on pay received
by members of the board, the statement said.
LOT management declined to comment on the report,
while Marek Sidor -- president of the Polish civil
aviation office and a former member of the LOT board
-- was not immediately available for comment.
Polish and Swiss press reports have alleged recently
that the Swiss airline Swissair Group had paid
nearly 1 mln sfr to seven members of the board of
LOT for consultancy services which had never been
The Gazeta Wyborcza newspaper has alleged that the
Swiss airline, which restructured and changed its
name after filing for bankruptcy, had promised huge
sums to Litynski before buying shares in LOT.
In 1999 SAirGroup, the operator of Swissair,
paid 183.7 mln usd for 37.6 pct of LOT. The following
year the Swiss airline went bankrupt.
Study Is World First
Mar 11, 2003
is to come under intense scrutiny in a major new airline
safety study announced in Australia. It will be a
joint project between the country's aviation authority,
pilots, researchers and the nation's biggest airline,
study will set a world first by developing a new risk
management-based system for flight-crew rostering.
This is the first time that an airline, safety regulator,
pilots' association and academics have collaborated
to find a scientific way of managing the risks associated
with fatigue. Joining Qantas in the project are the
Civil Aviation Safety Authority, the Australian and
International Pilots Association and the Centre for
Sleep Research at the University of South Australia.
The first phase,
which is already under way, has involved volunteer
flight crews being monitored for sleep patterns. Further
research will try to discover how quickly pilots body
clocks adapt to changes in time zones and use flight
simulators to compare pilots actual performance with
of Aviation Safety Mick Toller said the study would
provide real and lasting improvements in safety. "This
project gives the regulator the first useful access
to scientific data to predict when pilots are likely
to have lower performance levels due to fatigue,"
"We all know
when we are tired, but fatigue is more complex, particularly
for pilots doing long flights and operating through
numerous time zones most of their working week. Aviation
safety will be better for this knowledge."
|TSA to ban
first class in the USA.
*** TSA Pulling the Curtain
Time -- That annoying curtain separating
first class from coach on most airplane flights may
be facing its own final
curtain. The Transportation Security Administration
(TSA), which oversees viation security, has told the
that it wants the barrier removed permanently, to allow
cabin crews and federal air marshals (FAMs) to see the
entire cabin. Some airlines are not thrilled with the
move, which could happen by the end of the month. Much
of their profit comes from passengers paying high first-class
fares, and the companies are afraid of doing anything
to alienate those premium flyers.
I wonder how many more of these safety “sleepers” are
Goodrich, after hearing of a number of inflation failures
for emergency escape slides/rafts, issues a “product
improvement” (which gets through to very few operators).
After continuing failures of slides, Goodrich issues
a non-mandatory Service Bulletin for fitment of an improved
inflation hose that shouldn’t fracture. But, as is to
be expected, Iberia and many other 747 operators decide
that as they haven’t experienced any failures they shouldn’t
bother implementing the SB. However as soon as they
(Iberia) have a mass evacuation (Aug 02) they discover
that 3/6 slides fail. The FAA, over six months later
is now proposing to issue an AD to rectify this long
It makes you wonder how many more safety sleepers are
out there in SB Land?
Law Expert Lee Kreindler Dies
Wed February 19, 2003 05:03 PM ET
By Gail Appleson, Law CorrespondentNEW
YORK (Reuters) - Lee Kreindler, one of the world's
top aviation law experts and a leading advocate for air-crash
victims and their families, has died, his law firm said
on Wednesday.Kreindler, 78, died on Tuesday from complications
of a cerebral hemorrhage, said the firm Kreindler &
Kreindler.The New York lawyer, whose career spanned more
than half a century, became famous throughout the world
as the lead plaintiffs' counsel in virtually every major
domestic and international aviation litigation over accidents
and bombings that occurred after his firm was founded
in 1950.Kreindler was also known as a passionate champion
of victims' rights who played a key role in winning changes
to U.S. laws and international treaties that limit victims'
claims against airlines."His life was a challenge
to making the law better for people who needed help,"
said Marc Moller, a partner at Kreindler & Kreindler.
"He was very much a catalyst for the improvement
of aviation law and safety."Widely considered the
dean of aviation accident lawyers, Kreindler's clients
included plaintiffs in litigation stemming from the 1988
bombing of Pan American Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland;
the 1996 crash of Trans World Airlines Flight 800 off
Long Island, New York, and the 1998 crash of the Swissair
MD-11 airliner in Canadian waters off Nova Scotia.In the
Pan Am case, Kreindler showed that the airline had committed
gross security lapses that allowed an unaccompanied suitcase
carrying the bomb to be loaded on to the plane. After
winning a jury verdict and several appeals, Kreindler
was able to get full compensatory damages for passengers'
families.He continued the battle in 1996 by suing Libya
for its alleged role in the explosion. Libya recently
offered to settle the case and other claims for $2.7 billion
but a final accord has been delayed.A graduate of Dartmouth
College and Harvard Law School, Kreindler was also a down-to-earth
man, often seen sporting an old blue golfing hat, who
could patiently translate complicated aviation and international
law into plain English.He was also known for his vast
knowledge of aeronautical engineering and aircraft operation.In
October 1996 he was criticized by some other lawyers for
suing over the TWA Flight 800 explosion before the government
determined what caused the disaster. The suits claimed
the airline and the maker of the plane were liable because
a mechanical malfunction most likely caused the explosion.Kreindler
told Reuters there was nothing frivolous about the lawsuits
and that they had been filed only after his office had
completed its internal investigations and shared its findings
with the National Transportation Safety Board."There's
a need to bring lawsuits as soon as reasonably possible
to get the litigation going. There's a limit to what we
can do just relying on public information," he said.He
said information gathered by his office could help the
government determine the cause of the explosion aboard
the Paris-bound Boeing 747.In August 2000, the NTSB said
that design flaws in the plane contributed to the explosion.
It said that flammable vapors had most likely ignited
in a center wing fuel tank.
HOUSTON -- The board investigating the space shuttle Columbia
disaster Saturday toured the Louisiana plant where the
orbiter's external fuel tank was built, while searchers
scouring the mountains of New Mexico -- west of where
any debris has been found -- were coming up empty.
Investigators also revealed that two more Columbia
control jets, making at least four in all, continued
to fire in a desperate attempt to stabilize the shuttle
during its final minutes.
The jets fire automatically when flaps on the shuttle's
wings and tail are inadequate to control abnormal motions
encountered at supersonic speeds. The information was
coaxed from the final 32 seconds of ragged data sent
from Columbia as it was breaking apart, investigators
The last voice communication from the shuttle's seven
astronauts came as Columbia streaked across New Mexico
during reentry Feb. 1 before breaking apart about two
People near New Mexico's Sandia Mountains, east of
Albuquerque, reported hearing a whooshing sound, said
Peter Olson, a spokesman for the New Mexico Department
of Public Safety. He said there also was radar evidence
that debris could have fallen in the state, but he didn't
About 140 searchers concentrated Saturday on a rugged
2-square-mile area of Embudito Canyon, walking a few
feet apart. Nothing was found as teams began wrapping
up by afternoon; one searcher picked up a small disc
of melted metal that was later identified as part of
a beer can. Two helicopters from White Sands Missile
Range that criss-crossed the area also came up empty.
The Embudito Canyon search was expected to last only
a day, but NASA could search elsewhere in the state,
U.S. airliners would
be equipped with missile-jamming gear -- at a cost
of up to $10 billion -- under a bill introduced in Congress
last Wednesday. Sen. Charles Schumer (D-N.Y.), Rep. Steve
Israel (D-N.Y.) and Sen. Barbara Boxer (D-Calif.) sponsored
the bill, which would pay between $1 million and $1.5
million to add the electronic gear to each and every airliner
in the country. "This is a very, very serious danger,"
Schumer told a news conference held Sunday in Manhattan.
Various options to protect airliners from portable ground-to-air
missiles were explored by federal authorities even before
two Russian-made missiles narrowly
missed an Israeli Arkia Airlines jet taking off from
a Kenyan airport last Thanksgiving. Security has been
tightened around major airports and some airports have
viewing areas. Shumer and Israel reportedly told the
news conference that the systems they propose work by
steering the missiles away from planes by jamming their
guidance systems. The shoulder-launched missiles we've
heard of are heat-seekers, so we don't understand how
those can be "jammed" per se, but for $1.5 million
each, who knows? One thing is certain, however. Nobody
better be asking the airlines to chip in. Budget carrier
Southwest is the only major U.S. airline making money
and at least one analyst says the rest of the industry
is just about at the end of its rope. "The losses
are so enormous that these cannot be sustained and we're
probably pretty much at the end of our borrowing ability
now in the capital markets," said Darryl Jenkins
of George Washington University's Aviation Institute.
ACR HAD NOT INSTALLED A COCKPIT DOOR
LOCK BAR OR CHANGED COCKPIT KEYS.
ACR X EQUIPPED ACR ACFT WITH A SECONDARY COCKPIT DOOR
LOCK AFTER 9/11/01 IN THE AIRBUS , A320 AND 319 ACFT,
THE SECONDARY LOCK CAN BE BREACHED IN 3 TO 5 SECONDS BY
SLIPPING A MAGAZINE OR LAMINATED FLT ATTENDANT BRIEFING
CARD INTO THE UPPER R SPACE BETWEEN THE DOOR AND FRAME
THEN SIMPLY HITTING THE LOCKING MECHANISM IN A DOWNWARD
CHOPPING MOTION. THE ORIGINAL EQUIPMENT COCKPIT DOOR LOCK
IS KEYED WITH A BOEING STANDARD LOCK. THOUSANDS OF KEYS
ARE IN CIRCULATION. IF NO KEY IS AVAILABLE, A CREDIT CARD
WILL OPEN THE LOCK. IN OTHER WORDS, IN A LEAST 1/2 THE
ACR X FLEET, THE COCKPIT DOOR CAN BE DEFEATED IN 3 TO
5 SECONDS BY NOTHING MORE THAN A CREDIT CARD (OR READILY
AVAILABLE KEY) OR A MAGAZINE.
|Reported in the Australian(2/12):
"INVESTIGATIONS into the crash of a Fokker 27
aircraft into Manila Bay last month, in which five Australian
surfers were killed, have led to the arrest of the airline's
Malaysian owner and Australian chief mechanic on immigration
Although the official result of an inquiry into the
crash has not been released, newspapers have reported
a list of problems with the airline company and the
plane, which crashed into the bay on November 11, killing
On Friday, Australian national Jimmy Tan Chui, a board
member of Laoag International Airlines, was arrested,
along with his boss, company chairman Paul Ng, a Malaysian.
Immigration commissioner Andrea Domingo said Mr Tan
was the airline's chief mechanic and had been in The
Philippines on a tourist visa. And although Mr Ng was
married to a Filipina and had a resident's permit, he
did not have appropriate work documents. Two pilots,
who survived the crash, are also on an immigration watchlist
to ensure they do not leave the country.
An airline spokesman, Alvin Yater, said Mr Tan was
not an employee of the company and was merely a shareholder
and "consultant". He said the pair was being
held in an immigration detention centre but had not
been formally charged.
Flight 585 was flying from Manila to Laoag, in the
north of The Philippines, when it crashed into the bay
just minutes after takeoff. Five young Australian friends
from Sydney and Brisbane were killed, leaving a sole
survivor from the group's planned two-week surfing trip
to one of the best surfing breaks in The Philippines.
The Australian victims were: brothers Tim and Sam Coddington,
26 and 24, Darren Green, 23, Nick Wright, 24, and John
Since the crash, newspapers have reported a series
of problems with the airline and its planes. Transportation
undersecretary Arturo Valdez claimed last week that
the "fuel switch" was shut off. The aircraft's
black box, although recovered from the bay, was effectively
"blank" and yielded no information. Laoag
Airlines was also being investigated for illegally importing
Fokker 27 planes and avoiding duties, although it was
not clear whether this allegation included the plane
Mr Yater denied that the airline had smuggled the planes
into the country. He expected the results of the investigation
"I would like to appeal to everyone to be patient
and wait for the report," he said"
may be cause: expert
February 02, 2003
DEBRIS that struck the left wing of Columbia during take-off
may have been heavily iced and led to the shuttle's disastrous
breakup, Japan's pioneer astronaut said.
"Even if it's just a heat insulator, heavy ice sticks
to it," said Mamoru Mori, 55, the first Japanese
astronaut to fly on a NASA shuttle, the Endeavor in 1992.
"If that iced fragment fell in the vibration of
lift-off, there is about a 50 metre drop to the left wing,
so the shock would be very big," he told a news conference
at the National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA).
Ice would be formed because hydrogen fuel is stored at
temperatures around minus 250 Celsius in the tanks from
which the debris apparently fell, Mori said.
NASA shuttle program director Ron Dittemore told a news
conference yesterday in Houston, Texas, that debris that
struck the left wing of Columbia during take-off may have
played a role in the accident that killed all seven astronauts
02 Feb 03
NASA is looking
at the possibility that detached icing-hardened foam caused
the damage sustained by the Orbiter's left wing during the launch
of Shuttle Columbia. Damage to critical insulating tiles may
have led to the Shuttle's system failures and subsequent breakup
CST Left wing Hydraulic Inboard and Outboard
Temperature Sensors lost readings
Tire pressure loss and left main gear temperature increase
3 Bondline/structure temp sensors on left wing loss of readings
Left inboard/outboard tire pressure low readings - on display
and acknowledged by crew
The word used in
the Press Conference room was "off-scale" (but "explained"
away as a loss of reading from the sensor). The loss of sensors
was progressive, i.e. sensors were initially lost at the rear
of the left wing and subsequently more-forward located sensors
were lost. The sensors apparently did not show abnormal values
but suddenly dropped off-line. They were not being channelled
through the same signal processor or multiplexer. The piece
of foam that that struck the left wing during launch is said
to have hit the leading edge. An astronomer working for the
CalTech/NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory in California observed
flashes of light from the orbiter over Owens Valley California.
It is unclear whether theseay have been pieces of shuttle peeling
away or plasma.
at 207,000ft at Mach 18.3 (reported by NASA to be the point
of higher temperature stress). FAA reports have the debris
cloud at 90 miles long and 25-30 mls wide.
Dallas-Fort Worth SIGMET, prepared on the 1st at 2:40pm
SIGMET November 1 valid until the 1st at 6:40pm CST (0040Z).
Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas
From Longview TXUS [GGG]
to 30 miles north of Baton Rouge LAUS [BTR]
to 20 miles south of Baton Rouge LAUS [BTR]
to 30 miles south of Longview TXUS [GGG]
to Longview TXUS [GGG]
SIGMET for SHUTTLE DEBRIS between 9,000 feet and 15,000
east-southeastward 35 knots. FAA ADVISES CAUTION this area.
continuing beyond 6:40pm CST (0040Z). North River [JNR NDB]
| National Post
(Toronto) of February 1, 2003, page A7, page header:
Cockpit voice recordings useable in
lawsuit, court rules.
Montreal * The widows of two pilots killed
in a 1998 plane crash can use the cockpit voice recordings in
a civil suit, a judge has ruled. Lynne Striker-Boulanger and
Clemence Michaud say the tapes are crucial to their suit against
the plane manufacturer. The judge ruled that it was in the public
interest to release the tapes, which are usually kept secret.
Budget Crunch Squeezes FAA...
Money's tight all over, and as the U.S. House and Senate wrangle
over the latest version of a budget bill for 2003, the cash
deficit could translate to staff cuts for the FAA. Last week,
the Senate passed a $390 billion "omnibus" budget
bill, lumping together all the departments and agencies -- and
it shortchanged the FAA's operating budget
by $30 million. The House is expected to lobby for even
less spending overall, and the end result -- due sometime next
month -- is not likely to be brimming
with good news. The Senate bill would give the FAA more
than $7 billion for operations, but another
cut of $200 million is expected before all is said and
done, AviationNow reported this
week. With mandated raises and a budget lower than last year's,
the FAA's staff-intensive operation
would have few options for making up the shortfall other than
to cut jobs, sources told AviationNow.
...Despite Efforts At Cost Cutting
In its budget proposal, the FAA offers reductions of $149 million
for security tasks transferred to the TSA, and additional savings
of $111 million,
mostly from eliminating (through attrition) about 400 jobs in
Air Traffic Services. The agency proposes to cut funding altogether
for a few programs, including $2 million for the Mid-America
Aviation Resource Consortium and $6 million for contract tower
cost sharing. Mandatory increases for raises and new hires total
$398 million. The budget also promises to establish a performance-based
operation for air traffic in 2003, with a chief operating officer
at its head. While the budget battle wages in Washington, AOPA
warned last week that budget deficits at the state level also
threaten airport funding. Minnesota legislators, for example,
have proposed to raid $15 million from the state airports to
boost the sagging general fund. Aviation budgets in Arizona,
California, Virginia, and Florida are also being watched, AOPA
Jan 27 2003
Emergency AD: Beech 1900
Lessons Learned in Charlotte?
emergency AD has been issued by the FAA.
AD 2003-03-18 -- Raytheon Aircraft Company (Raytheon) Beech
Models 1900, 1900C, and 1900D airplanes.
Subject: Recent ground testing and a review of the rigging procedures
of a Raytheon Beech Model 1900D airplane reveals that the elevator
control system could be mis-rigged to restrict elevator
travel if current maintenance procedures are not properly followed.
In these instances, it may appear to the crew that they have
full elevator control column movement. However, the elevator
may not have full travel. Such restricted travel may remain
undetected until the airplane is operated in a loading condition
that requires full elevator authority to control the pitch.
|January 22, 2003
- Investigator: Ice was Gathering
On Taiwanese Cargo Plane Before Crash
TAIPEI, Taiwan - Flight recorders have revealed that
pilots were trying to remove ice from their twin-propeller
cargo plane before it crashed into the Taiwan Strait
last month, an investigator said on Wednesday.
The TransAsia Airways' plane, a French-made ATR72-200,
went down 50 minutes after taking off from Taipei's
international airport on a flight to Macau on Dec. 21.
It plunged into the sea near the Penghu Island chain
off Taiwan's west coast. The two crew on board were
killed. Chou Kuan-tsai, chief investigator of the Cabinet-level
Aviation Safety Council, on Wednesday released flight
data and cockpit conversations recorded in the plane's
'black boxes' that were recovered from the sea.
According to the cockpit conversations, a pilot said,
"There was ice. A big chunk of it," before
starting the plane's de-icing equipment. But Chou said
it was too early to say if the ice had caused the crash.
"We only released the information recorded in the
black boxes, and we have yet to make an analysis of
the data," Chou told reporters, adding that wreckage
of the plane recovered from the sea could also help
identify the cause of the crash.
Before radio contact with the plane was lost, it had
lowered its altitude from 5,450 meters (18,000 feet)
to 4,240 meters (14,000 feet). The plane later dropped
to 1,480 meters (4,900 feet), Chou said.
Pilots of the Turkish RJ-100 of THY (that crashed at
Diyanbakir) were flying below Minimum Descent Altitude
for the VOR/DME non-precision approach before having
the runway in sight
- according to early reports from an analysis of the
CVR/FDR data and Tower tapes. Apparently for some reason
the pilot commenced a steeply banked right turn at a
height below MDA and lost height abruptly. This may
have been due to a late sighting of the runway lights
and a last second attempt to regain runway centre-line
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