in fear of full
BY BEN WEBSTER,
AIRBUS is planning to introduce
the world’s largest passenger plane, carrying up to 1,000 passengers,
conducting a full evacuation test. The company said yesterday that it was
afraid that people could be permanently
injured in the exercise.
At least 200 passengers will sit 30ft above ground on the highest of the
three decks on a full Airbus A380. They
would have to jump down an inflatable slide in an emergency.
A fifth of the company, which
is based in Toulouse, France, is owned by Britain’s BAE Systems. Airbus
any injuries in a full evacuation test would be exploited by Boeing, its
rival, and could undermine the whole project.
Instead, it is planning to conduct tests involving only a fraction of the
total number of passengers.
Scientists will then use
mathematical models in an attempt to demonstrate to the safety authorities
— Britain’s Civil
Aviation Authority and America’s Federal Aviation Administration —
that the plane is safe.
Derek Davies, the A380
marketing director, said: “If you subject more than 800 people to an
evacuation test and
someone comes off the bottom of the slide and someone else hits them from
behind, you have to ask why we have
maimed somebody. There will be questions asked if someone is left a
spokesman for the CAA said it was hoped that an evacuation simulator at
Cranfield University would reduce the
need for live tests. While at present a full evacuation test was required
for all new aircraft, the simulator could be
used by Airbus “to do a lot of the research on the safety of extremely
large aircraft”. He added: “Obviously if you
do full evacuations, you do run the risk of injuring people. In future
there could well be a lot of work done with
People had been injured in
previous tests and insurance companies now demanded that anyone taking
a medical examination.
Airbus is confident authorities
will agree to a partial test. Boeing carried out full evacuation tests on
its 747s and
Mr Davies, speaking at the Paris Air Show, said that Airbus was concerned
that the American company might
exploit any safety issues surrounding the A380 to protect the market share
of its own 400-seat 747, which is
currently the world’s biggest passenger plane.
“I do not wish to appear
paranoid, but the Americans are quite capable of using their expertise
attack us,” Mr Davies said.
Early versions of the A380,
which will begin flight tests in 2004 and enter service in 2006, will have
550 to 600
seats. Later stretch models will accommodate up to 1,000 people. The wings
will be built in Britain, which is
contributing £500 million of the £7.5 billion development costs in the
form of a soft loan from the Government.
Under Airbus’s existing
evacuation plan, 140 passengers a minute would jump out of emergency doors
slides, with people falling side by side in two lanes. However, Edward
Galea, of Greenwich University, an authority
on passenger behaviour in evacuations, has identified a small increase in
“exit hesitation time” in early trials based
on the A380 upper deck. According to Professor Galea, people are
intimidated by the height of the fall, almost
double that from the single deck of Airbus’s largest existing plane.
Mr Davies said people would be
unable to hesitate for long because of the force of all those behind
wanting to get
Airbus has signed deals with
eight airlines, including Virgin Atlantic, for 62 A380s. The company hopes
40 sales this year and believes there could be 1,500 flying worldwide by
2020. The first customers received major
discounts on the basic price of £160 million for each aircraft.
The A380 is designed to ease
congestion at overstretched airports, in particular Heathrow.